The process of making furniture
The wood result of hewing we known as log wood, from this the furniture making process is started. The log wood will be distributed to sawmill center use both river or land transportation. Some company paring bark as long during the journey in order to quick dry. Usually buyers want to process that wood after log came to sawmill and kiln dry for some days.
The logs are split as according to required size. Standard panel thick during split logs are 3, 5, 7, 19. 12. and 15 cm. In sawmill area, split panels disjointed according to is thick and kind of wood so easy arrange in kiln dry. For company that has big capacity production, have sawmill will help efficiency production both from usage material and time production.
Before put in kiln dry, panel and block wood be placed first in outdoor in order moisture content will evaporate because of outdoor temperature. This way usually just is done in summer climate. In order quality wood kept, at least 1 week after sawmill, the wood must be dried soon. As soon as process wood will better, so there is no time for mite and insect to attack.
All kinds of wood must be dried. That to be attention is thick panel measure, arrangement model and method drying. Soft wood will easy crack in the process of drying quickly. Kiln dry need 2 until 4 weeks, depend on specify of wood, panels thick, and room dry capacity. Good dry method is use the right equipment. In small company, to dry of wood usually be put under sunshine. But this way can not get MC level for ideal wood.
Component Process (cut, split, plane, drill, etc)
Saw timber be cut and split according size product that was needed. Example for leg table size 700 x 40 x 40 mm, so component must be prepared is 720 x 45 x 45 mm, so there is tolerance for plane and sandpaper. To get this measure, carpenters take dry wood panel which thick 45 mm to split into sawing machine or ripsaw becomes 45mm wide size. From this process will get block wood 45x45 mm. After that block wood will be sent to cutting machine with 720 mm long size.
Small block wood then be sent to plane machine or thicknesses to get final result with smooth surface without line saw. After plane, component be moved to drilling machine or pen machine to get construction. If basically construction process finish, all component will the end in sandpaper process before installing. These smooth grids sandpaper usually only no 240 level smooth.
Furniture knocks down not trough this process fully. There some possibility component needs to be assembled before finishing, and there are only assembled after finishing. Commonly assembling process be done before finishing, in order when the product has smooth do not get defect because of scratch. Assembling one of them important quality key, mainly strength of product. This process need patient so glue usage enough proper and not excess. Beside that patch quality only can be repaired in this process. From all furniture process, assembling is the relative long process and difficult. For fixed product, installing hardware become part of assembling, mainly for hinge install, key, hanger, etc.
Drawer control, door, stability, and product function
In assembling area, drawer matter and door must be done perfectly. Do not re-repair process when exit from assembling area. Example for chair, chair must strength and stabile condition before move in finishing room. In order get quality standard, any additional process when assembling.
The next process is finishing. Finishing is the last process layering wood surface with purpose to make beautiful and also protect furniture from insect attach or moisture air.
Some type of furniture, finishing process easier be done before furniture be assembled.
Out of finishing, products move to packaging area. In this area some accessories (key, handle, reel, etc) and other equipment patched again. Kinds of packing also depend on last purpose and level quality furniture. More expensive and more far delivery location need stronger packaging and more carefully.
All process must be done in furniture making to get maximal quality and finally get satisfied from buyer. Processes become important key to durable and quality wood furniture. Result last without trough complete process can make first interesting but can not durable.